Tobacco: how it affects our health and in the practice of sport
Smoking is one of the addictions that most damages the human body, it is due to one of its essential components, nicotine . This substance generates an asymptomatic relief of anxiety and has an antidepressant effect. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), more than five million people die each year from smoking. Furthermore, these people live 10 to 15 years less than non-smokers.
These are chilling figures, yes, but the important thing that both smokers and non-smokers should know is the health consequences of tobacco.
Consequences of tobacco
Smoking is the main cause of cancer of the lung, larynx, digestive organs and urinary system, since it directly affects the broncho-pulmonary and cardiovascular systems. It causes harmful effects on the oral mucosa , such as periodontitis and gingivitis. This is due to the contact that occurs between said mucosa and the heat given off by cigarette combustion.
Smoking increases the risk of chronic bronchitis and peptic ulcer. And you are also more prone to other ailments, such as stomach ulcers, heart and blood vessel disease. Noting that the smoker is less immune to infections than those who do not smoke.
The smoker himselfYou are not the only one who can suffer from a disease . The World Health Organization states that the children of smokers are 70% more likely to be admitted for respiratory diseases. It also influences the weight of a newborn, whose mother is a smoker, is already less. And a figure that should lead one to think is that more than 80% of tobacco mortality is due to chronic lung processes.
How does tobacco influence the practice of sport?
The practice of some physical activity, in a stable, regular and moderate way, helps to improve health, both physical and psychological, making the person who practices it have a better quality of life. However, this practice combined with tobacco consumption does not counteract the negative effects that this addiction produces in the body, as many believe.
It is not that tobacco is prohibited in sports, but it must be taken into account that the decrease in lung capacity in a regular smoker is noticeable. This is so, because the feeling of fatigue, cough, loss of appetite or cardiac arrhythmias appears more.. They are at increased risk of respiratory and cardiovascular conditions. When a smoker does physical exercise, his body needs an extra task, and that is where he can suffer some of the most dangerous health conditions, such as damage to the coronary and lung levels.
Studies have been done and it has been confirmed that tobacco also has muscle damage. Smokers tend to be slower to recover after exerting themselves. And they have an accelerated loss of muscle mass due to the elevation of an enzyme that breaks it down.
The experts, apart from not recommending the consumption of cigarettes to the entire population, including athletes, suggestnot consume them three hours before doing any physical activity, and three hours after having finished it. The reason for this is that, apart from being well hydrated, it is also necessary to have a good amount of oxygen available to meet the demand of the muscles. If smoked in those previous hours, a vasoconstriction would occur over the arteries, which would acheter des steroides impede good circulation.
It is very difficult to quit smoking, since together with heroin it is one of the biggest addictions. The person has to be aware that they want to quit and, if they really want to, everything is will power and self-help groups or drugs.